Opium addiction has been categorized as a chronic medical condition due to its severity. Opiates are prescribed for the treatment of pain but are often abused due to their sedative properties. It is a derivative of the poppy plant similar to heroin and morphine which are now illegal for use. Many find themselves getting addicted to the prescribed opioids unknowingly, which may take ages for one to realize if they need another treatment to solve the addiction issue. So what treatments are available for opium addiction treatment? Which one is the most effective for your case?
It includes denying the opioid craving, its will to control the body system. Opioid addiction leads to significant changes in particular areas of the brain. It changes the normal cycle of your mood and behaviors. In cutting opioid supply to the body’s systems you are likely to experience some withdrawal symptoms such as craving for drugs, enlarged pupils, yawning, agitating moods, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea among others.
The withdrawal symptoms might last hours, days or weeks depending on how long you have been taking the drugs. For most people, if they do not withstand the agony of the withdrawal period, it often leads to relapse to avoid it. However, advanced medicine came up with ultra-rapid opioid detoxification where the patient is sedated with anesthesia and induced with naltrexone, an opioid antagonist. This speeds up the process of withdrawal minimizing the effects of the opium detox.
The agony of the withdrawal symptoms is a primary reason for relapse in most patients. None the less, there are medications designed to help with the opioid withdrawal making a smooth transition to recovery from addiction.
It is a type of opioid that has the same treatment effects as the prescription drug you are on, minus the “getting high” aspect. With the right dose, it prevents withdrawal symptoms and blocks the drug cravings.
It is said to be a lower version of methadone in which it hits the same receptors in the brain but not solidly. Most doctors recommend buprenorphine due to its low risk of overdose. Similarly, to methadone, it decreases the withdrawal symptoms as well as prevent the urge of taking drugs such as heroin.
It is mostly taken after detox when a patient has higher chances of recovery. It blocks opiate receptors, but unlike methadone and buprenorphine, it does not ease the cravings and withdrawal symptoms. However, it does not have the “getting high” effect when using it.
It is designed to address the underlying causes of the addition as well as understanding why the patient got into it. It is necessary to enroll a patient for psychotherapeutic therapy and counseling before and after the actual treatments. In doing so, the doctor should determine if the patient is willing to undergo treatment willingly as it increases the chances of recovery from opium addiction. After treatment, counseling is necessary to improve the overall mental, spiritual and physical well-being of the patient.
While addiction cannot be cured, it is essential to learn what triggers the addictive behavior and employ strategies that will prevent relapse during recovery or even after.